Myrmecodia is often known as an 'ant plant' and it is a species that has adapted to co-exist with an animal species. This plant develops a swollen stem which contains hollows and chambers which act as housing for ants.
It is endemic to tropical mangroves of norther Australia.
The plant itself grows high up in tree branches where nutrients are scarce.
The ant colonies are thereby protected from the elements and from predators because there are spines on the plant.
In return, the ants provide a defence for the plant itself because they will swarm to defend their home if something tries to eat the plant.
The ants also provide nutrients to the plant by leaving their waste matter within the caudex, or swollen stem.
This co-existence is known as symbiosis.
Here in the UK, these are happy to be treated as houseplants and they do not actually need ants!
Place in a medium light position.
Keep out of bright light.
Water regularly but never allow the plant to sit in soggy compost as this can cause rot.