Shady characters: fill your inhospitable places with glorious plants for shade. There are more possibilities than you might think.
No plant can survive in dry shade, right?
Wrong. A shady place presents an exciting challenge if you want to have some fun. There are always areas of a garden that pose a problem, even to keen gardeners. The most common situation in which its difficult to find things that will grow is that of dry shade. Under trees, next to a north-facing wall or at the base of hedges. But even this seemingly inhospitable environment opens up a world of possibilities.
Ferns and Heuchera. What a great combination for shady places.
Ferns, probably the most under-used category of plants
, for example. There are a few that can cope with dry shade, and what better way to cover the soil? Ferns are not blessed with gaudy colours, nor are they floriferous. But they are architecturally beautiful. Largely shade-loving, some ferns are drought-tolerant, once established. These include the low-growing, light green and luscious Blechnum spicant;
Blechnum spicant is a great fern for shady or even dry places.
The stately maidenhair fern, Dryopteris filix mas
Cristata with fronds that grow up to 60cm tall is also a suitable candidate for dry shade, as is the low-growing, deciduous northern maidenhair fern called Adiantum pedatum Imbricatum.
Adiantum pedatum 'Imbricatum' is also known as the five-fingered maidenhair fern.
We should love ferns!
Plants for shade are a great bunch to include in a scheme because they bring a different atmosphere to a garden. Ferns are probably the most under-used plants in the garden. Why? Mainly because many people dont quite know what to do with them
. They rarely cope well with full sun, yet every garden has a shady corner or a damp patch in which they will generally thrive. They fill the soil with green beauty and suppress weeds. Whats not to love? Some ferns are tinged with red, including Dryopteris erythrosora.
Dryopteris erythrosora has a delightful pinky orange tinge on its fresh foliage.
Some have a silvery sheen and others have a luscious golden hue. All have a certain charm, particularly when planted in groups.
Athyrium 'Metallicum' has a beautiful silver sheen. A lovely deciduous fern for a shady place in the garden.
There are other plants for shade too!
If you want something other than green, consider Heuchera.
The purple types, in particular, can survive in dry shade once they are established. Heuchera
provide a great opportunity to plant en-masse in order to achieve ground-covering colour and they look particularly effective when contrasted against lime-green foliage such that that provided by ornamental grass Hakonechloa.
The latter is also able to withstand a certain amount of dry shade and you will certainly gain a lift of the spirits when you see it. These are plants for shade that should be celebrated!
Never assume that difficult areas in the garden cant be planted. You only need look at the weeds to appreciate that some plants are tougher than others. The more plants you purposefully add to your garden, the fewer opportunities there will be for weeds to colonise the bare soil.
Brunnera and Epimedium - great groundcovers for shade
Brunnera has the most charming leaves with silvery markings. It also produces blue flowers on stalks in spring.
If you are seeking plants for shade, consider beautiful Brunnera
(above). This brilliant groundcover sets the lower regions alight with its silvery sheen. There are many different varieties, all with something special to offer.
Epimedium is another wonderful groundcover that thrives in shady, dark places. There are several different types, each with slightly different foliage.
is another great choice of plants for shade. It's all about foliage with this beautiful perennial which has heart-shaped leaves, often tinged with red. This plant even produces white flowers, generally flushed with pink during spring and early summer. Plant lots of them for instant coverage and they will gradually spread.
Plants for semi-shade
There are some plants that prefer dappled light or semi-shade rather than the deep, darkest corners that don't see a glimmer. Japanese anemone is one such star.
Japanese anemones are late-summer flowering stars. Some varieties have pink flowers and others have white. They thrive in semi-shade and gradually spread.
The family of periwinkles, Vinca
minor and major, are also worthy of a shade garden. These creep along the surface of the soil and produce lilac, blue, purple or white flowers to thank you for including them in your garden. Vinca minor is more manageable as Vinca major tends to loop about, rooting here, there and everywhere, looking rather untidy. Great plants for a shady bank, their little roots can help to anchor the soil. Some Vinca
have variegated foliage which brings a splash of yellow too.
Vinca comes in several different forms, namely major and minor. The minor variety is easier to tame and it makes a great groundcover for a shady spot.
Other plants for shade
The list above is by no means complete. There are plenty more plants that will enjoy shady places. Pachysandra terminalis
is another groundcover evergreen perennial. Also known as the Japanese spurge, it will form a lush green carpet. The blue fescue grass, Festuca glauca
is surprisingly shade tolerant - and also drought tolerant once established too, which helps where there are tree roots taking up moisture.
The blue festuca grass makes a neat mound.
There are lungworts, or Pulmonaria,
with their dark leaves sprinkled with white spots, producing blue flowers with a splash of lilac and pink in spring. And of course those lovely primroses which thrive in damp shade during spring in dark places which need a splash of yellow primrose sunshine.
Perfect Plants Ltd is an on-line supplier of garden plants, bulbs, house plants, garden equipment, furniture and gifts for all seasons www.perfectplants.co.uk